By Jacqueline A. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood
Analyzes the advantages and downsides of latest applied sciences in landmine detection and gives recommendations for making improvements to and dashing up the method.
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Extra resources for Alternatives for Landmine Detection
2001). One type of fragmentation mine, known as the “bounding” mine, is buried underground but is propelled upward when activated and explodes a meter above ground, sending lethal fragments in a wide radius. Other types of fragmentation mines are mounted on stakes in the ground or on tree trunks. , 2001). However, they often are activated by tripwires; movement at distances of up to 20 m can trigger the mine before it is located by a mine detector. Tripwire clearance therefore is an essential part of demining.
Moreover, the physical activity of emplacing mines changes the natural soil particle distribution by bringing small particles to the surface, which in turn affects the way in which the soil scatters light. Systematic changes in vegetation moisture levels immediately above buried mines also may be leveraged. Strengths. These methods are attractive because they do not involve physical contact and can be used from a safe standoff distance. They are lightweight and are effective at scanning wide areas relatively quickly.
Working with OSTP, we appointed eight generalists to form the RAND S&TPI/OSTP Landmine Detection Technology Task Force. Based on input from the task force members and our own independent literature review, we identified 23 leading specialists in current detection R&D efforts. Each specialist then wrote a technical paper addressing the mode of action, current capabilities and limitations, and potential future performance of his or her specific technology. ); • estimated potential for improvement in the next two to seven years; • outline of a sensible R&D program that could realize this potential, with rough projected costs to the extent possible; and • references to key technical papers describing any testing (especially field testing) of the technology.
Alternatives for Landmine Detection by Jacqueline A. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood
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