By Peter Gatrell

ISBN-10: 0253003024

ISBN-13: 9780253003027

ISBN-10: 0253213460

ISBN-13: 9780253213464

"... a sign contribution to a growing to be literature on a phenomenon that has turn into tragically pervasive within the twentieth century.... This hugely unique account combines exemplary empirical study with the really apt program of varied ways to discover the far-reaching ramifications of 'a complete empire walking.'" -- Vucinich Prize citation"An vital contribution not just to trendy Russian background but in addition to an ongoing repositioning of Russia in broader eu and global ancient processes.... elegantly written... hugely innovative." -- Europe-Asia reviews Drawing on formerly unused archival fabric in Russia, Latvia, and Armenia and on insights from social and important thought, Peter Gatrell considers the origins of displacement and its political implications and gives a detailed research of humanitarian projects and the relationships among refugees and the groups during which they settled.

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Extra resources for A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I (Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies)

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Public activists claimed the right to become involved and to criticize the absence of a clear and coherent social policy. Liberal ¤gures in local government, together with elected parliamentary representatives, professional associates, and technical experts, all used the plight of the refugees for their own purposes: to claim additional resources from central government, to assert professional competence and integrity, and, more generally, to demonstrate that social welfare and individual freedom could be delivered only by a reformed polity.

53 In wartime Russia, displaced people were and remained subjects of the tsar. They did not cross an internationally recognized border, but the tsarist state admitted no doubt about their status as refugees, because they had been forced to leave their homes by the threat of violence. The of¤cial parlance of tsarist Russia acknowledged the role of domestic agents of force in a formal decree, issued in 1915, which stated that “refugees [bezhentsy] are those persons who have abandoned localities threatened or already occupied by the enemy, or who have been evacuated by order of the military or civil authority from the zone of military operations” (termed vyselentsy).

Liberal ¤gures in local government, together with elected parliamentary representatives, professional associates, and technical experts, all used the plight of the refugees for their own purposes: to claim additional resources from central government, to assert professional competence and integrity, and, more generally, to demonstrate that social welfare and individual freedom could be delivered only by a reformed polity. To this extent, refugees became the pawns in a tortuous game of political intrigue.

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A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I (Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies) by Peter Gatrell


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